A Review: British Saws & Saw Makers from 1660

The Suez Canal was opened in , after ten years of work financed by the French and Egyptian governments. The canal instantly became strategically important, as it provided the shortest ocean link between the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean. The canal eased commerce for trading nations and particularly helped European colonial powers to gain and govern their colonies. In , as a result of debt and financial crisis, the Egyptian ruler was forced to sell his shares in the canal operating company to the British government of Benjamin Disraeli. With the invasion and occupation of Egypt , the United Kingdom took de facto control of the country as well as the canal proper, and its finances and operations. The Convention of Constantinople declared the canal a neutral zone under British protection.

Major Stanley Beckinsale

Share this article Share ‘Don’t tell me he’s going to hear about it, it’s very unlikely. Knowing Boris he may never find out. Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson is pictured arriving at Downing Street, London, this morning I’m A Celebrity bosses hope that Mr Johnson pictured, leaving Brisbane Airport today will provoke political debate in the jungle camp Charity worker Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe, 38, is said to be ‘on the verge of a nervous breakdown’ after suffering horrific conditions in a prison in Tehran.

Mrs Zaghari-Ratcliffe, who was born in the Iranian capital, was visiting family when she was arrested and jailed for five years after being accused of spying against the Government. MPs, including Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn, have demanded the Foreign Secretary resign for suggesting last week she was visiting the ultra conservative Muslim nation to train journalists — comments which could lead to her jail sentence being increased. He looked a solemn figure as he attended a foreign affairs meeting at the European Council in Brussels today.

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Ninth and last crusade —72 Nov Edward I crowned on his return from the Crusades Apr In addition to the penny, the halfpenny and farthing were minted, and also a fourpenny piece called a ‘groat’ from the French ‘gross’ ‘Decorated’ Gothic period in English architecture till about Climate: Jews expelled from England by Edward I Dec: Berwick-upon-Tweed sacked by Edward I Apr Scots defeated Jul Battle of Methven — a ‘fortunate defeat’ for Bruce Jul 7: According to legend, William Tell shoots an apple off of his son’s head Ordinances laid on Edward II by the peerage and clergy of England to restrict his power — twenty-one signatories referred to as the Ordainers — Thomas of Lancaster their leader was executed in Knights Templars suppressed in France — Climate: Sequence of cold and wet summers — harvests ruined Jun Edward III rules for 50 years till Jan Treaty of Northampton, formalised peace between England and Scotland Jun 7: Battle of Winchelsea — English naval fleet under King Edward III defeats a Castilian fleet of 40 ships Statute of Labourers — attempt to regulate wages and prices at levels following labour shortages caused by the Black Death — it set a precedent that distinguished between labourers who were “able in body” to work and those who could not work for other reasons Corpus Christi College, Cambridge founded Giovanni Boccaccio The Decameron Feb Richard II rules till deposed in May Pope Gregory XI issues five papal bulls to denounce the doctrines of John Wycliffe Start of the Papal Schism until when three men simultaneously claimed to be the true pope Jun

Suez Crisis

On Wednesday, Mikhail Khodorkovsky, the former head of Yukos Oil was sentenced to 14 years in prison for embezzling and money laundering. Khodorkovsky will stay in prison where he belongs. But the oil oligarch thought Putin was weak, so he strengthened his contacts in Washington and dumped money into parliamentary elections. He unwisely assumed that he could defy Putin and extend his tentacles into politics following the model of corporate control he saw in the United States, where the courts, the congress, the White House and the media are all in the pocket of big business.

Only he misjudged Putin and ended up in the hoosegow.

This is the Falkland Islands, one of the last great wilderness destinations where your trip becomes an adventure. Four wheel drives are our mode of transport, and our little planes will take you to islands abundant with penguins, albatrosses and petrels that are there for you alone to discover and enjoy.

This is similar to W5 but is 15 inches long mm. It has substantially thick sides at around 3. Fore plane W6 is 18 inches long mm. Jointer plane W7 is 22 inches long mm. Otherwise, parts are identical to W6. As the size number and body size increases, there is a proportionally larger throat, the distance between the front of the mouth and the transverse rib behind the size identification at the front of the casting.

These planes are extremely rare. IMG Extract from Woden Plane Instructions Woden planes easily accomplish the design objectives of all sizes in all types of timber. With the cutter prepared as per the Woden instructions, a shaving thickness of about 2 to 3 thousands of an inch may be obtained. If you wish, and depending on the timber and type of planing operation to be performed, performance may be improved by flattening the sole, tuning up the frog-cutter mating surfaces and closing up the mouth with the fine frog adjustment.

There are some negatives, as in all tools in volume production. Generally, body castings have an excellent smooth finish but there are early examples with a rough finish to the sides with coarse radial grinding marks, where finish grinding has not been carried out.

Avro Vulcan

Introduction Occult symbols are fast replacing Christian symbols in our culture. Therefore, we encourage you to use this list to warn others, especially Christian children who intentionally wear and display them because they are popular. Keep in mind that some of these symbols have double meanings. For example, the pentagram has been used to transmit occult power in all kinds of rituals for centuries, but to Christians the same shape may simply represent a star — a special part of God’s creation.

The image of a fish may mean a sign of the zodiac astrology to some, but to Christians it has meant following Jesus and sharing the message of His love. We will continue to delight in the cross, while recognizing that others use the same image to represent their dark forces.

Like Lampert, I preferred the planes made by Spiers of Ayr over the other makers. Stewart Spiers (and his family) know a fair curve. But buying a Spiers was something that .

Get daily news updates directly to your inbox Subscribe Thank you for subscribingWe have more newsletters Show me See our privacy notice Could not subscribe, try again laterInvalid Email The sight of personalised flying cars zipping about above the towns and cities of Britain could become a reality in as little as three years.

Using four high-powered fans it will be able to achieve speeds of up to mph after taking off from outside your house. What’s more, the fans will fold down to become wheels for land-based driving. At the outset, only a few will be qualified to pilot it along the roads and through the clouds. It’s hoped that future models could be made to fly autonomously and speed passengers around the country by themselves.

The company says that around orders have already been placed. Read More Incredible flying car with electric engine and folding wings promises freedom from traffic jams Image: These will be supercars of the skies, they are luxury and high-performing. The University of Derby’s Institute of Innovation has been involved with the project for the last year. Like us on Facebook.

Stanley English Type Study Draft

How to Determine the Age of a Stanley Plane Gabrielle Black Updated February 21, Stanley has been creating tools such as the bench plane since , and it can be difficult to date an antique tool if you don’t know where to look, according to the Stanley Company. There are twenty types of Stanley planes dating back to Each type has subtle differences that distinguish it from the other types, such as variations in parts and different marks cast into the metal like the plane size number or patent numbers or dates.

Familiarise yourself with the names of the various parts of the tool using a Stanley diagram see Reference 3. Locate the bed of the plane behind the frog.

British-made flying cars could be in the air by – but they won’t be cheap. The ‘NeoXCraft’ will be able to hit speeds of up to mph.

Relative methods stratigraphic, geomorphic, topographic are sound and convincing. Exhumed forms may complicate identification and relationships, for both epigene and etch forms have been buried, and exhumed, but in tectonically undisturbed areas, the higher surfaces are older than those preserved at lower levels. Also, surfaces have an age range. The relationship of surfaces with volcanic deposits, old shorelines, and genetically related sedimentary sequences provides sound ages, and correlation with dated duricrusts and faults is also useful.

There are no temporal limits to relative dating, for the methods are equally applicable to the dating, say, of Proterozoic surfaces as of those of Pleistocene age. The disadvantage of such methods is that the necessary evidence is frequently either not preserved or not exposed. Absolute age determinations must be consistent with the stratigraphic and geomorphologic settings.

John Travolta

The war began with the invasion of the Ethiopian Empire also known as Abyssinia by the armed forces of the Kingdom of Italy Regno d’Italia , which was launched from Italian Somaliland and Eritrea. Both Italy and Ethiopia were member nations, but the League did little when the former clearly violated Article X of the League’s Covenant. Spanish Civil War The bombing of Guernica in , during the Spanish Civil War , sparked fears abroad Europe that the next war would be based on bombing of cities with very high civilian casualties When civil war broke out in Spain, Hitler and Mussolini lent military support to the Nationalist rebels , led by General Francisco Franco.

The Soviet Union supported the existing government, the Spanish Republic.

“A Guide to the Makers of American Wooden Planes By Emil & Martyl Pollack, 4th Edition revised by Thomas Elliott. $ The definitive guide, covering American plane makers from the earliest individual makers who worked before the Revolutionary War to the last few manufactures of the twentieth century.

Click image to expand as usual Or if looking at patents issued to North Bros we get, patents. It was designed by tool collectors for tool collectors, it is a pretty comprehensive Data Base of all the US Patents related to tools, so if it is about a woodworking tools, it’s in there! Most industrial countries have their own patents database which you can access for free. The other ones I visit often in my research are the Canadian and the British ones.

Keep in mind not every patents issued was ever put into production and the resulting article may differ slightly from the patent drawings. Then in both Canada and the UK there is such as thing as Registered Design RD which are not patents but are protecting a specific “design” look from being copied. Once you have the patent number you are looking for you can then look at it via Google patents or the official US patent site. One last thing about patents on tools: Why is there a seemingless numbers of patents on what appears to be very simple tools to begin with, and why do they keep tinkering with the designs?

Answer in one word; For competitiveness. Everyone has to find ways to market similar product, the best way to demarked themselves from the competition is to come up with some gimmick or real improvements. There are no shortage of either

The OldTools Mailing List

OldTools is a mailing list catering to the interests of old hand tool aficionados, both collectors and users. To quote from the OldTools list charter: The purpose of this list is to provide an entertaining, not-quite-moderated, light-hearted, fun, jolly, happy, informative forum to discuss the history, usage, value, location, availability, collectibility, and restoration of traditional tools, including woodworking tools.

OldTools is a very casual place– The popular image is that of a back porch get-together. People come and go, swap stories, ask questions of the “old-timers”, and just generally engage in friendly discussion of the old tool topics of the day.

As the war in the air escalated, with Argentina’s planes now pinned back to the mainland, the Conqueror carried out one of the most controversial acts of the conflict, sinking the light cruiser.

Blog Flags at half mast! The Post Office clock chimes 11am, and everywhere comes to a standstill to ‘remember’ on Remembrance Day, Sydney, Australia, November Some made the ultimate sacrifice, and for them, time stopped not just for 2 minutes but forever. Remembering Heroes in Time: I am the witness of every action, the chronicler of every second that the war ticks on… I am, in this way, the indispensable, the always-to-be-reckoned-with.

I am the wrist watch.

Jane Fonda

Well I brought it home, and on the way I called in at my friend Rob’s place to share the joy. He is a furniture maker and restorer, and a good one. He put an instant age on it from the types of wood used in the veneer –

The British retrofitted transport planes as fuel transports, developed air-to-air refuel capacity for many of its planes and managed to get all of that equipment to Ascension Island.

Translated from the first Latin edition of American Society for Metals. Volume 2, 8th Ed. Tools and Trades of America’s Past: The Mercer Museum collection. Books on early tools, trades and technology. This catalog of Astragal publications allows quick access to most of the important contemporary publications on tools and technology.

History of the Stanley Tool Company